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您当前的位置: 首页>阅览室>雅思阅览室>雅思写作>雅思写作时的几个原则

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雅思写作时的几个原则

2018-12-06 17:08:02 来源:思润教育 阅读(
雅思写作一直都是中国考生的弱项,如果考生写出来的作文结构不合理,词汇单调贫乏,句型结构缺乏变化,语法错误频出,便无法拿到高分。今天小思整理了一套关于英文写作的10个核心准则,一起来学习一下。

1段落与观点

Maketheparagraphtheunitofcomposition:oneparagraphtoeachtopic

不同的段落构成文章,每个段落仅传递一个观点

2主题句做开头

A.thetopicsentencecomesatornearthebeginning

每个段落均以主题句开头,并且首尾呼应

B.thesucceedingsentencesexplainorestablishordevelopthestatementmadeinthetopicsentence

段落围绕主题句展开,后面的句子对主题句进行展开解释

C.thefinalsentenceeitheremphasizesthethoughtofthetopicsentenceorstatessomeimportantconsequence.

末尾句或者对主题句进行强调,或者阐述主题句带来的结果

3多用主动句

主动句永远比被动句直接有力

Eg:Therewereagreatnumberofdeadleaveslyingontheground

=Deadleavescoveredtheground(清晰生动)

Eg:Thereasonthatheleftcollegewasthathishealthbecameimpaired.

=Failinghealthcompelledhimtoleavecollege(简洁有力)

Eg:Itwasnotlongbeforehewasverysorrythathehadsaidwhathehad.

=Hesoonrepentedhiswords(简洁有力)

4肯定的形式表达否定

避免使用平淡、毫无色彩,含糊其辞的语言

Eg:Hewasnotveryoftenontime.

=Heusuallycamelate.

Eg:HedidnotthinkthatstudyingLatinwasmuchuse.

=HethoughtthestudyofLatinuseless.

5删除冗词

有力的写作一定简洁

Owingtothefactthat

=Since(because)

Inspiteofthefactthat

=Though(although)

Callyourattentiontothefactthat

=Remindyou(notifyyou)

6别写流水账

寻找语言的逻辑关系

通过who,which,when,where,andwhile这些词把句子串起来。

7讲究对称美

内容对等,结构一致

Eg:Formerly,sciencewastaughtbythetextbookmethod,whilenowthelaboratorymethodisemployed.

Parallelstructure:Formerly,sciencewastaughtbythetextbookmethod;nowitistaughtbythelaboratorymethod.

8遵循物以类聚

意思关联紧密的词放在一块

A:主谓之间不分割,补充信息需前置

Eg:Wordsworth,inthefifthbookofTheExcursion,givesaminutedeionofthischurch.

Eg:InthefifthbookoftheExcursion,Wordsworthgivesaminutedeionofthischurch(状语前置,主谓毗邻)

B:关系代词紧随先行词出现

Eg:Therewasalookinhiseyethatbodedmischief.

Eg:Inhiseyewasalookthatbodedmischief(名词look先行,关系词that紧随)

9保持时态一致

nsummaries,keeptoonetense

总结通常使用现在时态,如果使用过去时,请保持时态一致。

10圆周句

圆周句中,强调信息后置

Eg:Fourcenturiesago,ChristopherColumbus,oneoftheItalianmarinerswhomthedeclineoftheirownrepublicshadputattheserviceoftheworldandofadventure,seekingforSpainawestwardpassagetotheIndiesassetoffagainsttheachievementsofPortuguesediscoverers,lightedonAmerica.

Eg:WiththesehopesandinthisbeliefIwouldurgeyou,layingasideallhindrance,thrustingawayallprivateaims,todevoteyourselvesunswervinglyandunflinchinglytothevigorousandsuccessfulprosecutionofthiswar.
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