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您当前的位置: 首页>阅览室>雅思阅览室>雅思阅读>备考雅思阅读之高频隐性定位词

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备考雅思阅读之高频隐性定位词

2018-12-06 09:36:26 来源:思润教育 阅读(
同学们在雅思阅读训练中,积累的大写,人名地名,数字等定位词在题干中根本不构成考点,有时候还是白费功夫。有鉴于此,今天思润西安雅思培训中心的老师为同学们分享雅思阅读中常用的隐性定位词的归纳,并结合真题分析。

一、雅思阅读隐性定位词中Proportion=%.

通常,在我们审题的时候,会发现每个问题的选项都有特定的信号词出现,例如下面的问题中,我们可以明显看到问题6中出现的proportion,因此我们在选择相对的答案的时候,可以找找文中有没有相对应百分比的对照。然后首先看看这些百分比内容的匹配性,因此像这种隐形定位词能够有效提高我们做题的速度。

Question1-6

ReadingPassage1hasninesections,A-l.

Whichsectioncontainsthefollowinginformation?

Writethecorrectletter,A-l,inboxes1-6onyouranswersheet.

6.TheestimatedproportionofchildreninNewZealandwithauditoryproblems

对应原文:

TheImpactofHearingLossonYoungChildren

A.Hearingimpairmentorotherauditoryfunctiondeficitinyoungchildrencanhaveamajorimpactontheirdevelopmentofspeechandcommunication,resultinginadetrimentaleffectontheirabilitytoleanatschool.Thisislikelytohavemajorconsequencesfortheindividualandthepopulationasawhole.TheNewZealandMinistryofHealthhasfoundfromresearchcarriedoutovertwodecadesthat6-10%ofchildreninthatcountryareaffectedbyhearingloss.

因此第6题选A

二、雅思阅读隐性定位词中Payment,通常可以用货币符号表示。

在下面的例子中,我们可以从问题中找到关于payment这个隐性定位词。从字面可以知道payment是账单的意思,就是关于金钱,或者货币符号的形式出现。所以考生可以根据相关线索优先分析这类选项。

Question8-13

DothefollowingstatementsagreewiththeinformationgiveninReadingPassage1?

Inboxes8-J3onyouranswersheet,write

TRUE:Ifthestatementagreeswiththeinformation

FALSE:Ifthestatementcontradictstheinformation

NOTGIVEN:Ifthereisnoinformationonthis

12.JohnsononlyreceivedpaymentforhisDictionaryonitscompletion.

对应原文:

JohnsonsignedthecontractfortheDictionarywiththebooksellerRobertDosleyatabreakfastheldattheGoldenAnchorInnnearHolbornBaron18June1764.Hewastobepaid?1,575ininstalments,andfromthishetookmoneytorent17GoughSquare,inwhichhesetuphis'dictionaryworkshop'.JamesBoswell,hisbiographer,describedthegarretwhereJohnsonworkedas'fitteduplikeacountinghouse'withalongdeskrunningdownthemiddleatwhichthecopyingclerkswouldworkstandingup.

原文说的是分期ininstallments,而题干说的是only...completion,因此是False。

三、雅思阅读隐性定位词中Earlier=time.

如果出现这种描述时间的隐性信号词,那么选项若出现时间的形式可以优先查看。例如下文出现earlier,字面意思表示很早,表时间的,那么选项看看有没有表时间的。这样能大大提高做题速度。

Question27-29

ReadingPassage3haseightparagraphsA-H.

Whichparagraphcontainsthefollowinginformation?

Writethecorrectletter,A-H,inboxes27-29onyouranswersheet.

27.Mentionofageo-engineeringprojectbasedonanearliernaturalphenomenon

对应原文:

D.TheconceptofreleasingaerosolspraysintothestratosphereabovetheArctichasbeenproposedbyseveralscientists.Thiswouldinvolveusingsculptureorhydrogensuppliedaerosolssothatsculpturedioxidewouldformclouds,whichwould,inturn,leadtoaglobaldimming.Theideaismodelledonhistoricvolcanicexplosions,suchasthatofMountPinatubointhePhilippinesin1991,whichledtoashort-termcoolingofglobaltemperaturesby0.5℃.Scientistshavealsoscrutinizedwhetherit'spossibletopreservetheicesheetsofGreenlandwithreinforcedhigh-tensioncables,preventingicebergsfrommovingintothesea.

原文出现时间的地方描述historicvolcanicexplosions,suchasthatofMountPinatubointhePhilippines,suchas举例子,historicvolcanicexplosions对应naturalphenomenon,因此选D.

四、雅思阅读隐性定位词中Refertoas=propernouns.

当我们遇到像refertoas,这种表示要解释一个现象,一个单词意思的隐性信号词的时候。在选看选项的时候可以优先看那些专有名词的选项,换句话说就是选项有某个单词不熟悉,然后出现频率高的名词。通过下面的例子,我们可以看出:

Question34-40

Completethesentences.

ChooseNOMORETHANTHREEWORDSfromthepassageforeachanswer.

Writeyouranswersinboxes34-40onyouranswersheet.

35.Plantswhichdonotrespondtolightlevelsarereferredtoas.

对应原文:

Forexample,somespeciesofbirds'breedingcanbeinducedeveninmidwintersimplybyincreasingdaylengthartificially(Wolfson1964).Otherexamplesofphotoperiodicoccurinplants.Ashort-dayplantflowerswhenthedayislessthanacertaincriticallength.Along-dayplantflowersafteracertaincriticaldaylengthisexceeded.Inbothcasesthecriticaldaylengthdiffersfromspeciestospecies.Plantswhichflowerafteraperiodofvegetativegrowth,regardlessofphotoperiod,areknownasday-neutralplants.

回原文寻读,找到day-neutralplants是以斜体形式出现,且前面有限定areknownas,可以确定是专有名词,donotrespondtolightlevels对应regardlessofphotoperiod,所以填day-neutralplants.
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